He served as the Party President of the Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) political party and was an unsuccessful contestant in Uganda ‘s 2001, 2006, and 2011 presidential elections, losing all of them to the incumbent Yoweri Museveni , who has been President of Uganda since 26 January 1986. Results of 2006 elections were contested in court, where court observed massive rigging and disenfranchisement. He allowed an early
internal FDC election which took place on 24 November 2012 for a
successor Party President (PP). He decided that the successor PP
should preferably be in place earlier than planned, to allow the new
PP enough time to prepare the party for the next cycle of general
Early life and career
Besigye, the second child in a family of six, attended primary school
at Kinyasano Primary school and Mbarara Junior School. While at
primary school, both his parents died. He did his O-levels at
Kitante Hill Secondary School and A-levels at Kigezi High School .
In 1975 he joined Makerere University School of Medicine and
graduated in 1980 with a Medical degree (MBChB ).
After leaving a medical job in Aga Khan Hospital in Nairobi , he
underwent military training and joined the 1980–1986 National
Resistance Army (NRA) guerilla rebellion against Milton Obote ‘s
government. He was responsible for the guerillas’ health and
particularly attended to the chairman, Yoweri Museveni .
When Yoweri Museveni became president in 1986, Besigye, then aged 29, was appointed Minister of State for Internal Affairs. In 1988, he was appointed Minister of State in the President’s office and National Political Commissar. In 1991, he became Commanding Officer of the Mechanised Regiment in Masaka , and in 1993 he became Chief of Logistics and Engineering. Before his retirement from the army shortly before the 2001 elections, Besigye had risen to the rank of colonel and was a Senior Military Adviser to the Ministry of Defence.
In 1998, Besigye married Winnie Byanyima , a former Member of Parliament for Mbarara Municipality and the first female aeronautics engineer in Uganda. Museveni at his youthful stage used to live with the Byanyima family in the 1960s. A boy, Anselm Besigye, was born to Kizza Besigye and Winnie Byanyima in September 1998.